Relasi Agama dan Negara Perspektif Analisis Ushul Fikih

Pola Kontrol Terhadap Kemashlahatan Sosial Antara Agama dan Negara

Authors

  • A. Faiqil Faqih Faqih Ma’had Aly Salafiyah Syafi’iyah, Situbondo

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51498/putih.v7i2.90

Keywords:

Religion-State, , Ushul Fiqh , social benefit

Abstract

Religious-state conflicts coloured the journey of this nation since begun the establishment of the Republic Indonesia (since independence), starting from conflicts about formulation of Jakarta Charter to conflicts that have occurred recently. The conflict that occurred with regard to the Jakarta Charter was nothing more than a conflict about the basic formulation of the state, whether the State of Pancasila or the Islamic State. Then continued with conflicts related to the PKI, a conflict of faith movements involving clashes among the abangan’s community, students and the military. Not only that, there are many others about religious-state conflicts. This article wants to understand comprehensively about the state and religion (Islam), in order can read the relationship beetwen synergize religion with the state. The following synergence of religion and state will be formulated based on the dialectical formulation between wa>zi’ di>niy (regulator and supervisor religion: religious control) and w?zi’ sulta>niy (regulator and supervisor government: government control) based on the study of Jurisprudence Proposal. This research results that religion (it means, Islam) and the state have common ground in an effort to realize the social benefit of society. Islam is a control for Muslims to realize benefits because Islam believed by the true religion by Muslims. The state became control to realize benefits because the state has the authority to regulate and make policies for all its people. In the role of being a control for the benefit, there is no superior between religion and the state.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

‘At}iyyah, Jam?l al-D?n. 2003. Nah}wa Taf’?li Maqa>s}id al-Syar?’ah. Damaskus: D?r al-Fikr.

‘At}iyyah, Jam?l al-D?n. T.th. Tajd?d al-Fiqh al-Isl?miy. Beirut: D?r al-Fikr.

Achmad Yusuf, Moderasi Islam Dalam Dimensi Trilogi Islam. Universitas Yudharta Pasuruan: Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam, Vol. III. Nomor 2.

Anshari, Endang Saifuddin. 1997. Piagam Jakarta 22 Juni 1945 Sebuah Konsensus Nasional Tentang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia 1945-1949. Jakarta: Gema Insani Pers.

Abbas, Hasyim. 2004. Presiden Perempuan Perspektif Hukum Islam. Yogyakarta; Kutub.

Al-Ans}a>ry, Ab? Yah}ya> Zakariyy?. 2016. Gh?yah al-Wus}u>l Syarh} Lub al-Us}u>l. Surabaya: Haramain.

Al-Ashfahani, Raghib. T.th. Mufrad?t al-Alf?? al-Qur’?n. Damaskus: D?r al-Qalam.

Al-Gaz?liy, Ab? ??mid Muhammad. 1998. al-Mustas}fa min ‘Ilmi al-Us}u>l. Beirut: Mu`assasah al-Ris?lah.

Al-Jabiri, Muhammad Abid, 2001. Agama, Negara dan Penerapan Syariat. Yogyakarta: Fajar Pustaka.

Al-Juwainiy. 1997. al-Burh?n f? Us}u>li al-Fiqh. Mesir: al-Waf?’.

Al-Manawi, ‘Abdu al-Ra’?f bin T?jul ‘?rif?n. 1375 H. Fai?u-Q?dir Syarh} al-J?mi’ al-?ag?r. Mesir: al-Maktabah al-Tij?riyyah al-Kubr?.

Al-M?wardiy, ‘Aliy bin Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Hab?b. T.th. al-Ah}ka>m al-Sult}a>niyyah. Kairo: D?r al-Hadi>s|.

Al-Sal?m, Ibn ‘Abdi. T.th. Qaw?‘id al-Ahk?m fî Mas}alih} al-An?m. Damaskus: D?r al-Qalam.

Al-Suyu>t}y, Jal?l al-D?n ‘Abdu al-Ra?m?n. T.th. al-Asyb?h wa al-Naz}a>’ir. Tanpa Kota: Syirkah an-Nur Asia.

Al-Sya>t}ibiy, Ab? Ish?q. 1996. al-Muw?faq?t f? Us}u>l al-Syar?‘ah. Beirut: D?r al-Ma’rifat.

Al-Sya>t}ibiy, Ab? Is??q. 1988. al-Muw?faq?t f? Us}u>l al-Syar?‘ah. Beirut: D?r al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.

Al-Syauk?niy, Muhammad Ibn ‘Aliy. 2000. Irsy?d al-Fu??l il? Tah}qi>q al-Haqq min ‘Ilmi al-Us}u>l. Riy??: D?r al-Fa??lah.

Al-Zarq?, Ahmad. 1989. Syarh Qaw?id al-Fiqhiyyah. Damasksus: D?r al-Qalam.

Al-Zuh}aily, Wahbah. 2000. Tagayyuru al-Ijtih?d. Damaskus: D?r al-Maktab?.

Auda, Jasser. 2006. Fiqh al-Maq??id: Ina>tu al-Ah}ka>m al-Syar?’ah bi Ma??idiha. London: al-Ma’had al-‘Aliy li al-Fikr al-Islamiy.

Auda, Jasser. 2007. Maq??id al-Syar?’ah as Philosophy of Islamic Law: A Sistem Approach. London: The International Institute of Islamic Thought.

Auda, Jasser. 2008. Maq??id al-Syar?’ah A Beginner's Guide. London: The International Institute of Islamic Thought.

Auda, Jasser. 2012. Maq??id Syar?’ah ka Falsafah li al-Tasyr?’i al-Isl?miy Ru`yah Manz}u>miyyah, terj. `Abdul Lat}i>f al-Khayya?. Jordania: al-Ma’had al-?liy li al-Fikr al-Isl?miy.

Bayyah, Abdullah bin Mah}fu>z} bin. 2004. al-Ijtih?d bi Tah}qi>q al-Mana>t}, Fiqh al-W?qi’ wa al-Tawaqqu’. Abu Dabi; Muassasah T}a>bah.

Burhani, Najib. 2016. “Aksi Bela Islam: Konservatisme dan Fragmentasi Otoritas Keagamaan” Jurnal Maarif, Vol. 11. No. 02.

Darlis. 2017. “Mengusung Moderasi Islam di Tengah Masyarakat Multikultural”, Rausyan Fikr, Vol. XIII. Nomor 2.

Dr. Irawan, M.S.I, 2018. Jurnal Afkaruna, Vol XIV, Nomor I, Juni.

Fauzi, Agus. 2017. Agama, Pancasila dan Konflik Sosial di Indonesia, Universitas Jember: Jurnal Lentera Hukum, vol. 04 nomor 02.

Hanafi, Mukhlis M. 2009. “Konsep al-Wasathiyyah Dalam Islam”, Harmoni: Jurnal Multikultural dan Multireligius, Vol. VIII.

Hassan, Muhammad Kamal. 2010. “The Concept of Wasatiyyah and the Challenge of Islam Liberal in Indonesia” Sosial Sciences and Humanities. International Islamic University Malaysia.

Hefner, Robert W. 1985. Hindu Javanese: Tengger Tradition and Islam. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Kamali, Muhammad Hashim. 2016. “Review of The Middle Path of Moderation in Islam: The Qur’anic Principle of Wasamiyyah” by Felipe Souza, Intellectual Discourse, 24, 2.

Kroef, J. M. Van Der. 1961. “New Religious Sects in Java” Far Eastern Survey 30 (1961): 2.

Lubis, Todung Mulya. 2014. Bertumbuhnya Ideologi Kebencian. Kompas 30-01-2014.

Mortimer, Rex Alfred. 1972. “The Indonesian Communist Party and Land Reform, 1959- 1965, Monash Paperon Southeast Asia No.1”. Clayton, Victoria: Monash University.

Muhajir, K.H. Afifuddin. 2017. Fiqh Tata Negara. Yogyakarta: IRCiSoD.

Muhammad, Muneer Kuttiyani and Adibah Abdul Rahim. 2017. “The Principle of Wasatiyyah as a Higher Objective of the Shari‘ah: A Historical Survey,” Intellectual Discourse, 25:2.

Muhammad, Sayyid ‘Abdu al-Rah}m?n bin. T.th. Bughyah al-Mustarsyid?n. Beirut: D?r al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.

M?s?, Muhammad Y?suf. 1963. Niza>m al-H}ukmi fi al-Isl?m. Kairo: D?r al-K?tib al-‘Arabiy.

Nasuka. 2005. Teori Sistem; Sebagai Salah Satu Alternatif Pendekatan dalam Ilmu-Ilmu Agama Islam. Jakarta: Kencana.

Notonagoro. 1984. Politik Hukum dan Pembangunan Agraria. Jakarta: Bina Aksara.

Qard}a>wi, Y?suf. 1999. al-Fiqh al-Isl?miy Bayna al-As}a>lah wa al-Tajd?d. Kairo: Maktabah Wahbah.

Qard}a>wi, Y?suf. al-Khas}a’is al-‘?mmah li al-Isl?m.

Riyanto, Armada. 2000. Agama-Kekerasan, Membongkar Eksklusivisme. Malang: STFT Widya Sasana.

Syamsudin, M Din. 2001. Islam dan Politik Orde Baru. Jakarta: Logos.

Wiranto, R., dkk. 1958. Ahli-ahli Pikir Besar tentang Negara dan Hukum. Jakarta: PT Pembangunan.

Yaakub, Muhammad Bakir and Khatijah Othman. 2006. “A Textual Analysis for the Term “Wasatiyyah” (Islamic Moderation) in Selected Quranic Verses and Prophetic Tradition”, Journal of Education and Social Sciences, vol. V.

Yusanto, Isma’il. 1998. Islam Ideologi, Refleksi Cendikiawan Muda. Bangil Jawa Timur.

Zembylas, Michalinos & Zvi Bekerman. 2013. Peace education in the present: dismantling and reconstructing some fundamental theoretical premises. Journal of Peace Education, 10 (2013).

Downloads

Published

2022-09-25

How to Cite

Faqih, A. F. F. (2022). Relasi Agama dan Negara Perspektif Analisis Ushul Fikih: Pola Kontrol Terhadap Kemashlahatan Sosial Antara Agama dan Negara. PUTIH: Jurnal Pengetahuan Tentang Ilmu Dan Hikmah, 7(2), 65–80. https://doi.org/10.51498/putih.v7i2.90